CBSE Class 6 NCERT Science Chapter: 1 free notes / extra questions / inside questions | Food: Where does it come from?
- WHAT IS FOOD?
Any nutritious substance consumed by an organism to get energy is known as food.
2. WHAT ARE FOOD MADE OF?
Foods are made with ingredients.
3. WHAT ARE INGREDIENTS?
Those materials that are used to make meals are called ingredients.
These are obtained from sources like plants or animals.
4. GIVE SOME EXAMPLES OF INGREDIENTS USED IN PREPARING FOOD.
Some examples of ingredients used in preparing food are in the following:
- TO COOK RICE
1: We need raw rice
2: boil it in water
- TO PREPARE VEGETABLE CURRY
1: We need different types of vegetables
4: oil, etc.
- TO PREPARE ROTI OR CHAPPATI
1: We need Atta
2: and some water
- TO PREPARE DAL
1: We would need pulses
2: some water
- TO PREPARE IDLI
1: We need Rice
2: Some Urad Dal
3: A bit of Salt
4: And some water
- TO MAKE CHICKEN CURRY
1: We would need Chicken
2: Some Spices
4: And lastly some water
- TO PREPARE KHEER
1: We need Milk
3: And some Sugar
5. WHAT ARE SOME COMMON INGREDIENTS FOR DIFFERENT KIND OF FOOD ITEMS?
Some common food ingredients for different kind of food items are salt, water oil or ghee and spices.
6. FROM WHERE DOES INGREDIENTS COME FROM?
These ingredients are mainly obtained from two sources which are
7. WHAT ARE THE SOURCE OF RICE OR WHEAT PRODUCTION?
The sources of rice or wheat production are plants.
8. WHAT ARE PLANT PRODUCTS?
Ingredients which are obtained from plants are known as plant products.
9. GIVE SOME EXAMPLES OF PLANT PRODUCTS.
Some examples of plant products are
- Cotton, etc.
10. WHAT DO PLANTS PROVIDE US?
Plants generally provides us food ingredients like
11. WHAT DO ANIMALS PROVIDE US?
Animals provides us with the following items
- Meat products
- eggs, etc
12. WHAT ARE SOME COMMON ANIMALS WHICH GIVE US MILK?
Some common animals which gives us milk are
13. WHICH PARTS OF THE PLANT ARE EDIBLE OR EATABLE?
Parts of the plant which are edible or eatable are
14. WHAT ARE EDIBLE SUBSTANCES?
Those substances which are eatable and are safe to eat are called edible substances.
15. GIVE SOME EXAMPLES OF FOOD THAT WE EAT ARE LEAVES.
Some examples of food that we eat are leaves, are
- Lettuce, etc.
16. GIVE SOME EXAMPLES OF FOOD THAT WE EAT ARE FRUITS.
Some examples of food that we eat are fruits, are
17. GIVE SOME EXAMPLES OF FOOD THAT WE EAT ARE ROOTS.
Some examples of food that we eat are roots, are
- Sweet Potato
18. GIVE SOME EXAMPLES OF FOOD THAT WE EAT ARE STEMS.
Some examples of food that we eat are stems, are
- Bamboo Shoots
- Spring Onions
19. GIVE SOME EXAMPLES OF FOOD THAT WE EAT ARE FLOWERS.
Some examples of food that we eat are flowers, are
20. GIVE SOME EXAMPLES OF FOOD THAT WE EAT ARE SEEDS.
Some examples of food that we eat are seeds, are
21. WHICH PARTS OF THE BANANA PLANT ARE EDIBLE?
Parts of Banana Plant that are edible are,
- Inner Stem
22. GIVE SOME EXAMPLES WHERE TWO OR MORE PARTS OF A SINGLE PLANT ARE EDIBLE WITH THEIR EDIBLE PARTS.
Some examples of food where two or more parts of a single plant that are edible with their edible parts are,
- Banana plant – stem, flower, fruit
- Pumpkin plant – Flower, Fruit, Seeds
- Mustard plant- Seeds, Leaves
23. WHAT ARE SOME OTHER ANIMALS WHICH GIVES US MILK?
Some other animals which gives us milk are
24. WHAT ARE ANIMAL PRODUCTS?
Products which are derived from animals for use, are known as animal products.
25. LIST SOME FOOD ITEMS THAT COME FROM ANIMALS.
From animals we get the following food items such as
- milk and dairy products
- pork, etc.
26. LIST SOME PRODUCTS WHICH ARE MADE OUT OF MILK.
Milk is used to make milk or dairy products such as
27. WHAT ARE MUSTARD SEEDS USED AS?
Mustard seeds are used to give us mustard oil.
28. WHAT ARE SPROUTED SEEDS?
A small white structure growing out of the seeds when soaked in water, are said to be sprouted seeds.
29. GIVE SOME EXAMPLES OF SPROUTED SEEDS.
Some examples of sprouted seeds are
30. HOW IS HONEY PRODUCED?
It is obtained from nectar (Sweet juices in flowers), and is collected and converted to honey by bees and stored in their hives.
31. FROM WHERE DOES HONEY COMES FROM?
Honey is made from Nectar (sweet juices in flower) by bees.
32. ARE FLOWERS AND THEIR NECTAR PRESENT FOR THE WHOLE YEAR?
No, flowers and their nectar may not present for the whole year.
They are only available for a part of the year.
33. WHAT DO BUFFALOES, COWS AND GOATS EAT?
Buffaloes, Cows and Goats generally eat
- Grains, etc.
34. WHAT DO ANIMALS SUCH AS DOG, CAT, SQUIRREL, PIGEON, LIZARD, AND OTHER SMALL INSECTS GENERALLY EAT?
The said animals eat the following food items below
- Dog- meat, fruits, vegetables
- Cat- fish, milk, meat and some fruits
- Squirrel- hazelnut, seeds, acorn, fungi, vegetables
- Pigeon- fruits, seeds, vegetables, grains, insects
- Lizard- fruits, vegetables, small insects
- Other small insects- root, stem, leaves, flower, fruit, etc.
35. WHAT DO ANIMALS EAT?
Animals eat plants and other animals.
36. WHAT ARE THE TYPE GROUPS THAT CLASSIFY FOOD EATING SOURCES OF ANIMALS? NAME THEM.
There are three types of groups that classify food eating sources of animals, they are
37. WHAT ARE HERBIVORES?
Animals which only eat plants are called herbivores
38. WHAT ARE SOME EXAMPLES OF HERBIVORES ANIMALS?
Some examples of herbivores animals are
39. WHAT ARE CARNIVORES?
Those animals which only eat other animals are called carnivores
40. GIVE SOME EXAMPLES OF CARNIVORES ANIMALS.
Some examples of herbivores animals are
- Polar Bear
41. WHAT ARE OMNIVORES?
Those animals which eat both plants and animals are called omnivores
42. GIVE SOME EXAMPLES OF OMNIVORES ANIMALS.
Some examples of omnivores animals are
43. ARE HUMANS HERBIVORES, CARNIVORES OR OMNIVORES?
Humans are Omnivores.
44. HOW CAN WE FIND WAYS TO AVOID THE WASTAGE OF FOOD?
Ways to avoid the wastage of food are
- Food should be stored appropriately
- Avoid excess food eating
- Store and reuse leftovers
- Avoid wastage of food in events or occasions
- stop leaving meals uneaten
45. WHAT PART OF A PLANT WE IN GENERAL EAT?
We in general eat the following parts of a plant
46. WHY THE FOOD SHOULD BE COOKED TO BE EDIBLE AND NOT RAW NORMALLY?
Food normally should be cooked to be edible and not raw because
- to kill harmful microbes present in the food
- to be simply digested and absorbed by our body
- to enhance the taste of the food
47. WHY DO WE NEED FOOD?
We need food due to the following reasons
- it gives us required energy to perform daily activities
- helps in the growth of our body
- helps in repairing damages in our body
- helps in fighting microbes and to protect our body from them.
48. ARE ALL PLANTS EDIBLE AND SAFE TO EAT?
No, not all plants are edible and safe to eat.
49. LIST SOME PLANTS WHICH GROW IN WATER AND WHICH ARE EATEN AS FOOD.
List of plants which grow in water and are eaten as food, are
- Lotus- stem
- Watercress- leaves
- Water Spinach- stem and leaves
- Coriander- stem and leaves
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